A high-quality history education helps pupils gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world. It inspires pupils’ curiosity to know more about the past. Teaching equips pupils to ask perceptive questions, think critically, weigh evidence, sift arguments, and develop perspective and judgement. History helps pupils to understand the complexity of people’s lives, the process of change, the diversity of societies and relationships between different groups, as well as their own identity and the challenges of their time.
Overview of KS 1 National Curriculum
Pupils develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time. They learn where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework and identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods. They learn to use a wide vocabulary of everyday historical terms. They ask and answer questions, choosing and using parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events. They learn about some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented.
At KS 1 Children are taught:
1. Changes within living memory – where appropriate, these should be used to reveal aspects of change in national life
2. Events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally [for example, the Great Fire of London]
3. The lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements, some should be used to compare aspects of life in different periods
4. Significant historical events, people and places in their own locality
Overview of KS 2 National Curriculum
Pupils continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study. They note connections, contrasts and trends over time and develop the appropriate use of historical terms. They regularly address and sometimes devise historically valid questions about change, cause, similarity and difference, and significance. They construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information. They learn how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources.
At KS 2 Children are taught about:
1. Changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age
2. The Roman Empire and its impact on Britain
3. Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots
4. The Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor
5 A local history study
6 A study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066
7. The achievements of the earliest civilizations – an overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared and a depth study of one of the following: Ancient Sumer, The Indus Valley, Ancient Egypt, The Shang Dynasty of Ancient China
8. Ancient Greece – a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world
9. A non-European society that provides contrasts with British history – one study chosen from: early Islamic civilization, including a study of Baghdad c. AD 900; Mayan civilization c. AD 900; Benin (West Africa) c. AD 900-1300